Ethical and Legal topics in business

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Ethical and Legal Topics in business Week 1 apply

· 
Determine which moral standard of social responsibility the business is observing.

Genie’s company is considering building an annex to its main factory. While deciding on the project, the board of directors discusses the impact the annex would have on the local community, shareholders, company profits, and nearby landowners.

IndeterminableProfit-Maximizing Moral StandardMoral Minimum StandardStakeholder Theory Moral StandardCorporate Citizenship Moral Standard

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3 / 3  (100.0%)

·  Moira is ashamed to discover that her son stole an apple from the cafeteria and gave it to another student who had no lunch. She grounds him from watching TV as punishment. Which philosophy of ethics is applies here?

KantianismVirtue EthicsSocial Justice TheoryUtilitarianism

FEEDBACK

3 / 3  (100.0%)

·  Nation A is neighbors with Nation B. When an international crime lord who operates in both countries is captured by Nation A, it sentences him to a lifetime of heavy labor. Nation B wants to have the criminal executed, but it defers to Nation A’s judgment. Which principle of International Law is at play?

Act of State DoctrineComity of NationsSovereign Immunity

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3 / 3  (100.0%)

·  Silvia and her brother Clyde make a code of rules they have to follow together. The rules are as follows:

I) If Silvia bakes a cake, then Clyde can eat as much of it as he wants.

II) Silvia and Clyde can only go to movies they are both interested in seeing.

III) Every time Clyde borrows Silvia’s car, he must put some gas in it. Silvia must do the same when she borrows Clyde’s motorcycle.

IV) If Clyde makes a cobbler, Silvia can eat as much of it as she wants.

Which ethical philosophies are represented in these rules?

Kantian ethics and utilitarianismSocial justice theory onlySocial justice theory and Kantian ethicsKantian ethics only

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3 / 3  (100.0%)

·  Lula thinks that people who discipline their children by spanking should be sent to jail and says she would be glad to go to jail if she was caught spanking her child. Which philosophy of ethics is applicable?

Virtue EthicsKantianismSocial Justice TheoryUtilitarianism

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3 / 3  (100.0%)

·  Anthony votes in favor of a bill which would prevent people above a certain level of income from being able to purchase subsidized housing. Which philosophy of ethics is applies here?

UtilitarianismVirtue EthicsKantianismSocial Justice Theory

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3 / 3  (100.0%)

·  Determine which moral standard of social responsibility the business is observing.

Vivian’s company is considering building a huge new department store in a small town. The community argues that the store will disrupt local commerce and harm local business owners. Vivian argues that the store will save money for customers and bring more jobs to the community. Assume both arguments are true.

IndeterminableProfit-Maximizing Moral StandardMoral Minimum StandardCorporate Citizenship Moral StandardStakeholder Theory Moral Standard

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0 / 3  (0.0%)

·  Determine which moral standard of social responsibility the business is observing.

Meg’s company decided to build an additional factory in a small community. When the community started a protest because of the negative impact the factory would potentially have, Meg’s company promised to prevent and pay for any negative impact to the community. It also offers to build a community park to balance out the negative impact the factory might cause.

Moral Minimum StandardProfit-Maximizing Moral StandardIndeterminableCorporate Citizenship Moral StandardStakeholder Theory Moral Standard

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3 / 3  (100.0%)

·  Nation A builds a new highway next to citizens’ properties. In the months following, littering as well as several highway accidents result in damage to the properties. The property owners want to sue the government for damages, but are restrained by:

Sovereign ImmunityAct of State DoctrineComity of Nations

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·  Nation A makes is illegal for its citizens to own more than one vehicle in order to reduce emissions. Nation A’s neighbor Nation B disagrees with the decision and refuses to enforce it in its own borders but refrains from contesting the decision in court. Which principle of International Law is at play?

Comity of NationsSovereign ImmunityAct of State Doctrine

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3 / 3  (100.0%)

·  A television producer/director receives the following script designed to celebrate National Donut Day.  As she reads it, it brings to her mind some principles of jurisprudence she learned in her college business law class.  

Help her out: Which legal school of thought is illustrated in this dialogue?

DONUT DAY AT THE OFFICE

Part 1

(The scene is a lunchroom or break room. There are at least three round tables visible and perhaps a vending machine, microwave, or refrigerator in the background. Of the three tables, no one is sitting at the center table as the scene opens.)

Karen: (She walks in carrying two big boxes of donuts and places them on the center table.) Allied Chemical just dropped these off to thank us for our work on the “Expressly Hair” project. Have fun. (She is unenthusiast. She shows absolutely no interest in the donuts and quickly leaves. Everyone else, except Alison, immediately stands. Alison is still showing an interest in the goodies but not moving toward them. Joyce immediately positions herself between the donuts and Bob.)                                                                                                            

Bob: It’s a donut festival!

Joyce: (She moves to block and slow him, as if checking him in basketball.) Just wait a second! We have to first establish the rules.

Bob: Rules, in a donut festival?

Joyce: Yes rules. Last time donuts like these were brought in, Winfred got a broken nose and, once again, Alison didn’t get any. We aren’t animals. If we don’t slow down, someone is going to accidentally eat the cardboard again.

Bob: Oh, no. Here we go. Where’s the PowerPoint?

Joyce: There are guidelines in the employee handbook that have been developed over many years that detail out exactly what is to be done with these kind of employee gifts. (She opens a thick binder.) Nearly any scenario you can imagine has been detailed out in section 34 (b), including pastries from chemical companies. Practices and procedures have been set and we would be smart to follow them.

End Part 1

Irrational forces perspective.Critical legal studies school of thought.Historical perspective school of thought.Natural law school of thought.

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·  Which jurisprudential school of thought relies the most upon precedent in establishing law?

Legal RealismSociologicalNatural LawIrrational ForcesHistorical

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4 / 4  (100.0%)

·  Which legal school of thought is illustrated in this dialogue?

DONUT DAY AT THE OFFICE

Part 7

Alison: (She stands during David’s speech as if inspired but sits down once Bob starts talking.)

Bob: Right. Power to the people David. Anyone else hungry? (He tries to slowly move to the donuts and Joyce continues to defend them like a point guard.)

Lee: I have an idea that might address all of these issues. What if none of us have any of these donuts but instead we break up into teams and sell them to our coworkers for a profit? Instead of getting one or two donuts, we can stop on our way home and pick up a dozen of them each with our profits. In this case, we ignore the company stick-in-the-mud book regulations because, as you can see, we are obviously presented with some opportunities for a little economic development. Corporate rules here must bow to economic opportunity. If we let our rules block our prosperity, what kind of company will we become?

End Part 7 

Legal realism school of thought.Sociological school of thought.Command school of thought.Law and economics school of thought.

FEEDBACK

4 / 4  (100.0%)

·  Which legal school of thought is illustrated in this dialogue?

DONUT DAY AT THE OFFICE

Part 8

(Just then Calvin, the fit CEO, comes jogging into the room with a water bottle in hand. He spots the donuts and shows his disgust.) Calvin: Why do people inflict such nasty, sugar-coated poison on all of us?! A healthy workplace is a happy workplace. (He takes both boxes of donuts, puts them in a small, dirty, battered trash can and steps on them to squash them down, making them suddenly inedible. He smiles at everyone as if they all agree that he has done them a great service.) That’s my job as CEO, to help everyone realize a long and happy life! Cheers! (He runs from the room as everyone looks on in stunned silence. After a couple of seconds Bob collapses on the floor next to the garbage can, looking at the destroyed donuts as if they were a long-lost love.)

End Part 8 

Command school of thought.Legal realism school of thought.Sociological school of thought.Law and economics school of thought.

FEEDBACK

4 / 4  (100.0%)

·  A law which promotes the opportunity for foreign workers to obtain employment, housing, and medical care regardless of their citizenship status would likely fall under which school of jurisprudential thought?

Natural LawLegal RealismSociologicalHistoricalIrrational Forces

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4 / 4  (100.0%)

·  Federico is in a financial dispute. He is trying to collect money for a project he completed, but the debtor does not want to pay the money owed to Federico. Which court that would most likely address this situation?

U.S. Tax CourtState Small Claims CourtU.S. Bankruptcy Court

FEEDBACK

4 / 4  (100.0%)

·  The federal government passes a law which targets one specific company even though it does not operate any differently from other local companies. Which law or principle of law is not being properly upheld?

Substantive Due ProcessFirst AmendmentEqual Protection LawsProcedural Due Process

FEEDBACK

4 / 4  (100.0%)

·  Claudia feels strongly against a law that was recently passed in her hometown. She proceeds to write letters to the local newspaper criticizing the effect of the law. She also marches up and down the sidewalk in front of city hall loudly publicizing her opinion. Which law or principle of law which is most relevant to this situation?

Procedural Due ProcessEqual Protection LawsSubstantive Due ProcessFirst Amendment

FEEDBACK

4 / 4  (100.0%)

·  Which of the following situations would not substantiate proper standing to sue?

TreesForDays, an environmental activist group, wants to sue a company dumping chemicals into a river in a different state.Calvin wants to sue his sister after finding out she has been taking cash from the cash register at the family business.Tyler wants to sue Kevin after Kevin harms Tyler’s sister in a car crash which leaves her sister in a coma.Aniesha wants to sue her neighbor Robert after she witnessed him steal someone else’s car.

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4 / 4  (100.0%)

·  The government of Sharonville is deep in debt, and consequently enacts a city ordinance that requires citizens to do volunteer work for the city once per week. Such and act would be in accordance with the __________ school of jurisprudential thought.

Legal RealismSociologicalCommandLaw and EconomicsIrrational Forces

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4 / 4  (100.0%)

·  Which legal school of thought is illustrated in this dialogue?

DONUT DAY AT THE OFFICE

Part 2

Bob: Listen, donuts are made to bring joy into our lives and to wake up our glazed faculties. Just let them be distributed according to unchanging moral principles of justice. The donuts will distribute themselves according to natural principles.  We just take what we want and the leftovers will be appreciated by those who enjoy them most. Don’t overcomplicate this. Where’s the chocolate milk? 

End Part 2

Natural law school of thought.Critical legal studies school of thought.Historical perspective school of thought.Irrational forces perspective.

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4 / 4  (100.0%)

·  Sage files a complaint against Isabel, alleging that Isabel is responsible for damages to Sage’s property. Isabel thinks the allegations are ridiculous and doesn’t bother to respond to the complaint which she has been served. Which of the following is likely true?

A court will not open a case or post a judgment until Isabel chooses to respond.A court will judge in Isabel’s favor if it knows she thinks the charges are ridiculous.A court can judge in Sage favor because Isabel is not bargaining in good faith.A court can judge in Sage’s favor because Isabel seems to be constructively admitting to Sage’s allegations.

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4 / 4  (100.0%)

·  Casey is on trial under criminal allegations that she engaged in fraudulent behavior at the company she manages. She is worried when the plaintiff alleges that it has “unambiguous proof” that Casey is guilty. Which of the following is most likely true?

The plaintiff will most likely prove Casey is guilty, since criminal charges only need to meet a prima facie burden of proof.Casey need not worry about the plaintiff’s evidence, since parties tend to boast about the level of proof they can establish anyway.If the plaintiff provides proof only up to the level of “clear and convincing,” Casey can still be acquitted.If the plaintiff meets a “clear and convincing” burden of proof, Casey will be found guilty.

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·  After a tragic event in which an armed intruder storms into a mall and fatally shoots several people, the city of Belmonte institutes a law that prohibits any form of weapon in public retail establishments. This reaction would be an example of following which school of jurisprudential thought?

Legal RealismHistoricalIrrational ForcesSociologicalNatural Law

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4 / 4  (100.0%)

·  Which legal theory is illustrated in this dialogue?

DONUT DAY AT THE OFFICE

Part 3 

Joyce: We had a lawsuit filed about this after the pastry rumble of 2017 and there was . . . oh yeah, I remember there were some specific rules that are detailed out in 34 (b), section 4.

Bob: Those stupid rules were just made right after Winfred face-planted in the donuts when he slipped trying to get past Alison. They don’t apply here and now. There wouldn’t even be donut rules if he’d paid attention to his own big feet.

End Part 3 

Irrational forces perspective.Natural law school of thought.Critical legal studies school of thought.Historical perspective school of thought.

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4 / 4  (100.0%)

·  Devon is accused of robbing a jewelry store and is summarily thrown in jail. Which law or principle of law will help Devon in this situation?

First AmendmentSubstantive Due ProcessEqual Protection LawsProcedural Due Process

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4 / 4  (100.0%)

·  Sally and Kirk are at odds over the details of a business contract. Neither of them wants to go to court, but they both refuse to make a compromise on the terms they expect from one another. Which of the following would most easily force them to a resolution?

Non-binding arbitrationLegally-binding arbitrationLegally-binding mediationNegotiation

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4 / 4  (100.0%)

·  Clara is suing David because of a property dispute. Clara and David are from different states, so it is not readily clear which state has jurisdiction over this case. Which of the following is true?

Jurisdiction falls in Clara’s state of residence, since she is the plaintiff.Jurisdiction falls in David’s state of residence, since he is the one being summoned to court.Jurisdiction can fall in whichever state has subject matter or personal jurisdiction, likely depending on which state Clara feels will give her a more favorable outcome for her case.Jurisdiction depends solely on where the property – the focus of the dispute – is located.

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4 / 4  (100.0%)

·  A new law is established in the town of Avery that promotes affirmative action employment for transgender and homosexual individuals. This law would be in pursuance of the tenets of the __________ school of jurisprudential thought.

Law and EconomicsSociologicalLegal RealismIrrational ForcesCommand

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·  Which legal school of thought is illustrated in this dialogue?

DONUT DAY AT THE OFFICE

Part 5

Derek: We need someone we can trust who can divide up the donuts. One set of rules and what we’ve done in the past can’t always be applied here. If we had an impartial judge or two in the mix, someone who doesn’t like donuts perhaps, they could take into account all of the changing factors impacting our donut sphere and make up rules that will bring glazed-happiness to all who they think need it.

End Part 5

Critical legal studies school of thought.Legal realism school of thought.Irrational forces perspective.Sociological school of thought.

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4 / 4  (100.0%)